Many people use the term “cankle” to describe their swollen calves and ankles, despite the fact that this is not a true medical term. It is the area where the calf and ankle connect and it may be hard to tell the difference between the two. Existing medical conditions may cause the ankles to swell excessively, including congestive heart failure, cellulitis, and pregnant women may experience preeclampsia. Additionally, sitting for extended periods of time may cause the blood to pool in the ankles and the warmer temperatures may cause swollen ankles. Some patients go through hormonal changes or may be taking certain medications that may lead to swollen ankles. When medical issues are ruled out, many people would like to know how swelling can be reduced in the ankles. This can consist of eating foods that have reduced saturated fat and sodium, in addition to increasing exercise. Walking is suggested for patients with ankle swelling as this can help to improve circulation in the legs. If you have swollen feet or ankles, please speak with a podiatrist who can guide you toward proper treatment options.
Swollen feet can be a sign of an underlying condition. If you have any concerns, contact Donald Manger, DPM of Associated Podiatric Physicians, PA. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
Swollen feet are a common ailment among pregnant women and people who stand or sit for extended periods. Aging may increase the possibility of swollen feet and patients who are obese often notice when their feet are swelling too. There may be medical reasons why swollen feet occur:
- Phlebitis - A condition that causes the veins to become inflamed and can also cause leg pain.
- Liver disease - This may lead to low blood levels of albumin which is a protein. This can cause fluid in the blood to pass into the tissues and several areas of the body can become swollen.
- Heart failure - When the heart doesn’t pump properly the blood that is normally pumped back to the heart can pool in the veins of the legs causing swollen feet.
- Kidney disease - One of the main functions of the kidneys is releasing excess fluid in the body. This type of condition can make it difficult for the kidneys to function properly, and as a result the feet may become swollen.
- Deep-vein thrombosis (DVT)- This is a serious condition where blood clots form in the veins of the legs. They can block the return of blood from the legs to the heart which may cause the feet to swell. It is important to be treated by a podiatrist if this condition is present.
Swollen feet can also be caused by bone and tendon conditions, including fractures, arthritis, and tendinitis. Additionally, there may be skin and toenail conditions and an infection may cause the feet to swell. Patients who take medicine to treat high blood pressure may be prone to getting swollen feet.
Many patients elevate their feet to help relieve the swelling and this is generally a temporary remedy. When a podiatrist is consulted the reason behind the swelling can be uncovered and subsequently treated.
If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Hamilton Township, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.